The adoption of various HAPS is significantly high in the developing countries in Asia-Pacific and in Europe region due to absence of various critical infrastructure to safeguard telecommunication services in the remote locations. HAPS platforms are the instrumental in disaster relief, Search and Rescue (SAR) missions, precision agriculture, and environmental monitoring. Several governments, including that of the Kenya and India, have allowed the pre-deployment testing of the HAPS to critically analyse the viability of such systems in countries. For instance, in Nov 2015, Indian government approved use of Loon balloons in country.
The high-altitude pseudo satellites market is expected to register CAGR of above 8% during forecast period 2020-2026. HAPS are possible substitutes for the conventional satellites and when deployed, these platforms generally hover at the stratospheric altitudes, ranging from 10 miles to 30 miles and above sea level. These are geostationary, hence their efficiency for providing services is localized.Segment Overview
These HAPS incorporates best aspects of the terrestrial and the satellite-based communication systems. They eradicate capacity and performance limits of satellites by professionally delivering video, voice, and broadband services at the much economical pricing vs. performance margins than the conventional geostationary satellites. Henceforth, they are being progressively adopted by the telecommunication service providers to gratify the demand for the high-capacity wireless services, particularly last mile delivery in isolated areas with the limited ground-based network coverage.
Though these are more economical to operate and manufacture, their effectiveness is incomplete by endurance of such platforms. In case of such platforms, including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), electric propulsion system is combined to enhance endurance of platform. This has caused in important R&D investments towards development of the powerful battery systems and the high-charge density solar panels to improve endurance of the platforms, thereby making it more reasonable for adoption by emergency and telecom service provider end-users. Regional Overview
The pseudo satellites market has few dominant vendors operating on global level. The market is extremely competitive, with the players competing to gain largest market share. Spectrum managing challenges, endurance limitations, and cancellation of ongoing projects are projected to impede growth of market. Companies compete based on the in-house manufacturing capabilities, product offerings, global footprint network, R&D investments, and strong client base. AeroVironment, Inc., Loon LLC (Alphabet Inc.), Airbus SE, Astigan Limited, Prismatic Ltd., are the major market players. They compete based on the technological offerings and the integration capabilities at given price point. An upsurge in high-altitude platform obtaining rate is anticipated to fuel market growth during forecast period, thereby making it ideal time to launch various new products. Since threat of new entrants is modest, competitive environment in market is likely to strengthen further due to increase in product or service extensions and the technological innovations.Competitor overview
Market players are intensely investing in the developing advanced platforms to bolster the adoption. Research are being directed towards development of the advanced power systems that enhance endurance of platforms. Formira Hydrogen-On-Demand technology, established by the Neah Power System in the Oct 2015, synthesizes the hydrogen from liquefied formic acid. The system is planned to transfer the formic acid from tank to reformer, where the hydrogen is produced and directly consumed by stack. Since gases so formed are not stored any time, technology makes HAPS UAVs less prone to the flammability issues relating to the high temperatures prevalent in stratosphere. The system is highly modular and reflects compact design. The technology can deliver unlimited endurance aids to platforms.Key Players
- AeroVironment, Inc.
- Airbus SE
- Astigan Limited
- AUGUR (RosAeroSystems)
- Loon LLC (Alphabet Inc.)
- Prismatic Ltd.
- Thales Group
- Stratospheric Balloons
- High Altitude Pseudo Satellite
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- South Korea
- Rest of Asia-Pacific
- Saudi Arabia
- Rest of LAMEA